Marie Skłodowska-Curie

* on 7 November 1867 in Warsaw in the Russian Empire

† July 4, 1934 near Passy

Marie Skłodowska-Curie, born Maria Salomea Skłodowska, was a physicist and chemist of Polish origin who lived and worked in France. She investigated the radiation of uranium compounds observed by Henri Becquerel in 1896 and therefore coined the word “radioactive”. As part of her research, for which she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 (together with her husband Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel) and the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911, she and her husband Pierre Curie discovered the chemical elements polonium and radium. Marie S.-Curie is the only woman among five people who have received multiple Nobel Prizes so far, and the only person other than Linus Pauling who has received Nobel Prizes in two different fields.

(Wikipedia, Link, 18.12.22)